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Infrared imagery: reshaping wildfire mapping

January 18, 2022

From radios in lookout towers to real-time multispectral maps, downlinked to cell-phones

The days of sitting in a solitary watchtower, surrounded by windows and sweeping 360-degree vistas, scanning the horizon with binoculars for signs of smoke and reading western novels to pass the time are an important but fading observance of the past.

If you’ve ever been in an old fire watchtower, you’ll know just how magnificent they are, and for many decades a network of them served the critical role of providing real-time visual reporting of vast expanses of rugged, remote and fire-prone terrain. Many are still in use today, but with an arsenal of cutting-edge tools and technology available, the same important mission of keeping a watchful eye on the landscape has taken on a whole new meaning.

As part of our regular Infrared Industry Tech Talk series, we visited the team at Overwatch Imaging to learn about their multi-spectral imaging solutions and how their work is helping reshape the way we see, and battle, catastrophic wildfires.

 High-definition LWIR as an invaluable tool 

As one of Sierra-Olympic’s flagship thermal imaging systems, the Vayu HD is an industry-leading 1920 x 1200 resolution long-wave infrared camera. Customers around the world are utilizing the Vayu HD and its exceptional imaging capabilities for a wide range of missions and applications.

One such customer, Overwatch Imaging, specializes in developing and deploying multi-spectral imaging systems for piloted and unmanned aircraft. During the 2021 fire season, Overwatch Imaging mapped more than 150 million acres of terrain, largely in the western United States, providing detailed, multi-spectral image data, often in real-time, that was used by agencies, fire managers and crews on the ground to better fight fires, predict fire behavior and keep or move people out of harm’s way.

Overwatch utilizes the Vayu HD as its thermal imager of choice for several key reasons:
  1. Situational awareness: The camera’s 1920 x 1200 resolution, the highest resolution LWIR available on the market, allows for a wider field of view and greater imaging distance, while maintaining necessary image detail and pixels on-target.
  2. Low SWaP: The Vayu HD’s compact size and light weight are essential, both for integration into the imaging system, and for reducing the payload’s overall burden on the aircraft.
    1. Vayu HD 25 mm model: 122 mm x 77 mm x 72 mm (LxWxH), 450 grams
    2. Vayu HD 50 mm model: 139 mm x 77 mm x 72 mm LxWxH), 500 grams
  3. Easy integration: The Vayu HD features standardized interfaces, controls and output signals, which ease integration challenges for engineers designing the camera into their system.
  4. Sees through smoke: Imaging in the LWIR spectral band is well-suited for seeing through wildfire smoke. The Vayu HD delivers a clear picture of the terrain, fire perimeter, hot spots and fire activity, day or night, through dense smoke that would otherwise be impossible to see through.

Vayu HD Data Sheet

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